History of Goa
The historical past of Goa is highly covered in mystery, which is what makes this small coastal town so intriguing to explore. At the point when the Hindu epic, Mahabharata, was composed in the later Vedic period (around circa 1000-500 BC), Goa was alluded to "Gomantak" (a Sanskrit word having numerous implications, two of them being 'fertile terrain’ and 'place that is known for the Gods.')
The First Legend on the History of Goa
One legend has it that a few thousand years prior, the legendary sage Parashuram - who is believed to be the 6th incarnation of Lord Vishnu - created the entire stretch of the ancient Konkan coast by demanding the oceans to retreat. The whole group of the Kshatriyas warrior tribe was destroyed by sage Parashuram. He then gifted the area that was captured to a sage named Kashyapmuni. The Kshatriya obliteration left the area unadministered; accordingly prompting rebellion and turmoil.
To that effect, the worried sage Kashyapmuni, asked for Parashuram to leave and settle in a better place. So Parashuram, in dutifulness to Kashyapmuni, recuperated land from the ocean by requesting the ocean to do a reversal - It is believed that he shot a bolt from the highest point of the Western Ghats into the ocean; the depression caused by the bolt showed the measure of area to be surrendered by the ocean god. The area where the bolt is said to have landed was named "Bannali" in which 'Bann' means 'where the bolt landed' and 'ali' means 'town'. Today, the spot is referred to as “Benaulim.” Legend has it that the area surrendered by the Sea God lies on the banks of the two primary streams - Asghanasini River and Gomati River - now referred to in Goa as Mandovi River and Zuari River.
The Second Legend on the History of Goa
Another legend has it that the delightful women of the Konkan locale captivated Lord Krishna when he saw them washing in the waterfront area. The women, in their turn, were attracted to the music created by his flute that they were hypnotized and continued swaying to it. Lord Krishna then named the spot "Govapuri" after the cows - 'gov' - fitting in with local people.
Who were the first inhabitants of Goa?
The primary pioneers of Goa were the Brahmins who were called Saraswats. They were initially occupants of the area lying on banks of the River Saraswati; consequently the name. Following the scarcity of the river water, a mass migration of Brahmins took place to all corners of India.
A group of ninety-six families, who are today, are called Gaud Saraswats, set up home along the shores of Konkan. This occurred in around 1000 BC. Sixty-six of them settled in the southern portion of Goa, in what is known today as the Salcete taluka, in which 'Sassast' signifies '66'. The remaining thirty families settled in the northern district of Goa, in what is known today as the Tiswadi taluka, in which 'Tis' signifies '30'.
The Saraswat Brahmins lived in cordial agreement with the nearby indigenous people, the Kunbi tribes, who are still around today. Around the year 740 AD, the Brahmins raised their first Matha, or religious center of learning at Kushasthali, known present-day as Cortalim.
The Post-Independence Story of Goa
Goa was freed on 19th December 1961 alongside overland pockets of Daman and Diu from 451 years Portuguese Colonial Rule, denoting the perfection of the endeavors of Hindu and Christian Freedom Fighters, of which few bravehearts even laid down their lives in the battlefield. For the purpose of flexibility, Goa was at first regulated as a Union Territory. Goa later turned into the 25th State of the Indian Union when it was presented Statehood on 30th May 1987.
Today, a temple sanctuary of Parashuram stands in Painguinim town of Canacona in South Goa as evidence of the legendary history of Goa. There is no solid verification to discover the precise date that the Saraswats or Parashurama landed in the Konkan area. Regardless of the fact that the legends are considered unimportant myths, the long inhabitation of Saraswat Brahmins in Goa, alongside their family divinities, remains an unquestionable truth.
Goa has today risen as an image of secularism with harmonious union between individuals of different beliefs regardless of whether they are Hindus, Catholics or Muslims, soaked up with the soul of "Sarva Dharma, Sarva Bhava" or break even with deference for all religions.
Goa overflows with highly revered places of worship and sanctuaries. Catholics, Hindus, Muslims, numerous Goans lay prostrate before divinities of different beliefs besides the main religion they follow. Religion abides in the hearts of Goans wherever on the planet they might be.
Goa has turned into a perfect tourist destination in the international tourism map. It remains as a small emerald studded on the western coastline of India, with its scenic magnificence, bounteous greenery, appealing shorelines, chronicled sanctuaries and places of worship, beautiful dining experiences, intriguing culture and fascinating festivals, and most of all, warm and friendly locals with a rich social milieu.
Today, Goa has one of India's most elevated per-capita income states, with cultivation, angling, tourism and iron-mineral mining shaping the revenue of its economy.