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Geography of Goa

Goa captures a geographical region that is most alluring and intriguing alike. The vast majority of Goa is a part of the coastal state known as "Konkan", which is an escarpment that elevates toward the Western Ghats and separate it from the Deccan Plateau. The most elevated point is “Sonsogor” with a height of 1,167 meters (3,827 feet). Goa boasts of a coastline of 101 km (63 miles).

What are the main rivers of Goa?

The primary rivers of Goa are the Betul, Chapora, Mandovi, Terekhol, and Zuari. The Mormugao harbor at the mouth of River Zuari is one of the best active harbors in South Asia. The lifelines of Goa are the Rivers Mandovi and Zuari, with their tributaries depleting 69% of its geographic region.

What are the other waterways of Goa?

Goa has more than forty estuarine, eight marine and around ninety riverine islands. The aggregate traversable length of Goa's rivers is 253 km (157 miles). Goa has more than three hundred antiquated tanks worked amid the guideline of the Kadamba tradition and over a hundred therapeutic springs.

A detailed description on the Geography of Goa

Authoritatively, for the purpose of generating revenue, Goa has been segregated into two districts - North Goa and South Goa - with significant towns in each being Panaji (some time ago Panjim, the state capital, which is also the administrative headquarters of North Goa) and Margao (formerly Madgaon, which is also the administrative headquarters of South Goa), respectively Goa comprises of eleven talukas (Bardez, Bi-cholir, Pernem, Ponda, Satari, and Tiswadi are in North Goa), while Canacona, Mormugao, Quepe, Salcete, and Sanguem are in South Goa.) Goa has been segregated into twelve community development blocks for the purpose of easy execution of advancement projects in the State.

A large portion of Goa's soil comprises of laterites, enriched with ferric aluminum oxides that display a hint of rosy color. Along the river banks and further inland, the soil is, for the most part, alluvial and loamy. The soil is rich in minerals and humus, in this manner helpful for manor. A portion of the most seasoned rocks in the Indian subcontinent are found in Goa between Anmod and Molem, on the border of Goa and Karnataka.

Goa, being in the tropical zone and close to the Arabian Sea, has a warm and muggy atmosphere for most part of the year. The Western Ghats, which frame a large portion of eastern Goa, have been globally perceived as one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots. The area far from the coast is rich in minerals and metals and mining shapes the second biggest industry. Mining in Goa concentrates on metals of bauxite, iron, limestone, manganese, mud, and silica. Rice is the principle horticultural product, trailed by areca, coconut and cashew. Additionally, fishing is a vital industry in Goa.

Goa captures a narrow strip of the Indian western coastline, around 105 km in length and 65 km in width, with an aggregate zone of 3701 sq km. It shares its border with Maharashtra toward the north and upper east and with Karnataka toward the south and southeast.

Know more about the Topography of Goa

The Topography of Goa can be separated into three distinctive ranges: the Western Ghats, the midland district and the coastline area. A noteworthy segment of Goa's landforms have basaltic outpourings of the Deccan Lavas with flat tops and terraced flanks. It features wide valleys with sides ascending as a succession of steps as opposed to smooth inclines. On the eastern side, the Sahyadrian scarp is steep maybe because of an intriguing natural process, which overall, created the western flank of the Sahyadri.

Indeed, the Geography of the basalts of Goa, in their detailing, is ascribed to weathering and water disintegration on an extraordinary scale consolidated with the effect of regular changes. As an aftereffect of this, the remaining slope highlights with adjusted peaks such as the Chandranath Hill and smaller meadows are, regularly, discernible in the mountain tracts of Goa. Further, laterisation, because of tropical soggy atmosphere with occasional changes, draws out a noteworthy component of the Goan scene. What's more, in both the high and low level plateaus of the Sahyadrian district, laterite tops are connected with iron and manganese stores which, thus, add to the economy of Goa. Another critical viewpoint is the alluvia stores on the coastal fields along the course of Goan Rivers.