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Goa Flora and Fauna

The backwoods or Forests in Goa is varied. Goa might be the smallest state in India, in terms of its territory size and the fourth smallest as far as its populace is concerned, but it is rich in its flora and fauna wealth.

Goa is situated on the western coast of India in a locale known as the Konkan Forest region that captures an area of 1,424 square kilometers. Goa has more than 33% of its geographic region under the government owned forested area. The approximate woodland area owned by the Government is estimated at 1224.38 square kilometers of which around 62% has been brought under the Protected Areas of National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries. The remaining forest area retained as private measures around 200 square kilometers. The private woodlands feature substantial plantation of cashews, coconuts, mangos, and several others that are evident. The aggregate area covered by trees constitutes 56.6% of Goa’s geographic region.

The majority of the forested region in Goa is situated inland, within the eastern districts of the state. The Western Ghats, which frame the greater part of eastern Goa, have been globally perceived as one of the best biodiversity hotspots worldwide. In its February 1999 edition, The National Geographic Magazine made a mention that Goa can be compared to the Amazon and Congo basins for its rich tropical biodiversity that is world-famous today.

Learn more about the flora of Goa

The innate significant woods in Goa are bamboos, Bhirand, Maratha barks, and the Chillar barks. Coconut trees are pervasive and available almost everywhere in Goa except the hilly areas. An extensive number of deciduous vegetation comprising of cashew, teak, sal, and mango trees are evident. Organic products comprise of blackberries, mangos, jackfruits, and pineapples.

Learn more about the fauna of Goa

Foxes, wild pigs and transitory bird species are found in the wildernesses of Goa. The avifauna incorporates parrots, kingfishers, and mynas. Various species of aquatic life thrive off the banks of the rivers of Goa and it small streams. Lobsters, clams, crabs, shrimps, catfish and jellyfish frame a percentage of the piscine catch. Goa has a high population of snakes, which keeps the rat populace in control. There are numerous popular Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in Goa, including the prestigious Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary (1.76 square kilometers) known for its rare and unique bird species that makes it perfect for Bird-Watching activity.

Besides the famous Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary in Goa, you can visit the Wildlife Sanctuaries in Sanguem namely, the Mollem National Park (107 square kilometers), the Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary (133 square kilometers), and the Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary (square kilometers). Then there is the Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary (86 square kilometers) in Canacona, the Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary (8 square kilometer) in Ponda, and the Madei Wildlife Sanctuary (208.48 square kilometers) in Sattari.

The Plantation in Goa

Rice is the primary nourishment crop with ragi, pulses, and several other food yields. Fundamental revenue generating products are coconuts, cashew nuts, sugarcane, arecanuts, and organic products like bananas, mangoes, and pineapples. The state has a rich timberland plantation covering more than 1,424 square kilometers in area.

Quick Facts about the Flora and Fauna of Goa

  • The state animal of Goa is the Gaur
  • The state fowl of Goa is the Ruby Throated Yellow Bulbul, which is a species of the Black-peaked Bulbul.
  • The state tree of Goa is the Asan.

Goa's untamed wildlife or fauna population brags of more than 1512 reported types of plants, more than 275 types of feathered birds, over 60 species of reptiles, and more than 48 other types of animal species.